Post-Quantum Cryptography

Post-Quantum Cryptography (PQC) is the field of cryptography that deals with cryptographic primitives and algorithms that are secure against an attack by a large-scale quantum computer.

There are cryptographic algorithms based on mathematical problems that cannot be easily solved by a quantum computer. These algorithms fall into five categories

  1. Hash-based
  2. Code-based
  3. Lattice-based
  4. Multivariate
  5. Supersingular isogeny-based

A major issue for post-quantum cryptography is the lack of standardisation, making a widespread deployment of PQC difficult and impractical.

The National Institute of Standards and Technology in the USA (NIST) has made a call for proposals for crypto-systems that are secure against quantum computers.